Key dates in the chronology of abolitions
Key dates in the chronology of abolitions
Abolition of slavery in Vermont (USA).
Progressive emancipation of slaves in Pennsylvania (USA).
Progressive emancipation of slaves in Massachusetts and New Hampshire (USA).
Progressive emancipation of slaves in Rhode Island and Connecticut (USA).
August, 26 1789
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, France.
The commissioner of the Republic, Monsieur Sonthonax, abolished slavery in the French possession of Saint-Domingue.
The Convention voted the decree of the abolition of slavery, extending Sonthonax’s abolition to the other French colonies.
Reinstatement of the slave trade by Napoleon Bonaparte in compliance with the laws existing before 1789.
Abolition of the slave trade in Denmark.
Abolition of slavery in Haiti.
Britain banned the slave trade for British subjects.
The United States banned the importation of captives and slaves. Britain banned the slave trade on African coasts. Abolition of slavery in Prussia.
The United States banned the slave trade.
Holland banned the slave trade.
During the Vienna Congress, the principal European powers (Austrian Empire, Great Britain, France, Portugal, Russia, and Sweden) made a commitment to end the slave trade. But the practice persisted undercover. During the Hundred Days, Napoleon 1st signed a decree banning the slave trade.
French Law abolished the slave trade. It was reinstated on April 25, 1827 and on February 2, 1831.
Peru: all descendants of slaves born after this date were free, progressive emancipation of those born earlier and prohibition of the slave trade.
Abolition of slavery in Santo Domingo. The state of Liberia was founded in West Africa by an American Colonization Company for the resettlement of former slaves.
Abolition of slavery in Chili.
Abolition of slavery in Costa Rica, Honduras, Panama, Belize, Salvador, Guatemala.
Abolition of slavery in Bolivia.
Second French law banning the slave trade.
Abolition of slavery in Mexico.
Abolition of slavery in Uruguay.
Enactment of the Abolition bill that provides for a progressive abolition of slavery in the British colonies (West Indies, British Guiana, Mauritius and India).
Complete abolition of slavery in the British colonies. Abolition of slavery in Nicaragua.
1840 & 1843
Global anti-slavery convention in London.
Abolition of slavery in Uruguay and Paraguay.
Abolition of slavery in Tunisia.
Abolition of slavery in the Danish Virgin Island colonies. Saint-Thomas, Saint-Jean, Sainte-Croix.
Abolition of slavery in the Swedish colony of Saint-Barthélemy.
The abolition of slavery was decreed on April 27, 1848 in the French colonies (Martinique, Guadeloupe, Guiana, The Reunion Island).
Official abolition of the slave trade in Brazil. However it continued illegally.
Abolition of slavery in Colombia and Ecuador.
Abolition of slavery in Argentina.
Abolition of slavery in Venezuela, Jamaica and Peru.
Ban of serfdom in Russia.
Abolition of slavery in the Dutch colonies in the Caribbean and Insulindia.
Enactment of the 13th amendment banning slavery by The United States.
Spanish decree banning the slave trade.
Abolition of slavery in Portuguese colonies.
Abolition of slavery in Porto Rico, a Spanish colony at the time.
Abolition of slavery in Turkey.
Adoption of measures against slavery in Africa at the Berlin Conference.
Abolition of slavery in Cuba.
Effective abolition of slavery in Brazil.
Brussels conference and General Act on the slave trade and slavery in Africa.
Abolition of slavery in Korea.
Abolition of slavery in Madagascar.
Anti-slavery congress in Paris.
Abolition of slavery in Kenya.
Abolition of slavery in China.
In Morocco, systematic emancipation of all runaway slave.
Abolition of slavery in Afghanistan.
Geneva Convention of the Society of Nations condemning slavery and ratified by 44 countries. Abolition of slavery in Nepal.
Abolition of slavery in Iran.
Convention on forced labor by the International Labor Office.
Abolition of slavery in Bahrain.
Abolition of slavery in Ethiopia.
Adoption of the Article 4 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations was confirmed during the 1956 Convention.
Abolition of slavery in Kuwait. United Nations Convention on the repression of human trafficking and sexual exploitation.
Abolition of slavery in Qatar.
Adoption by the United Nations of the Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, the Slave Trade and Institutions and Practices similar to Slavery.
Convention on the abolition of forced labor by the International Labor Organization.
Abolition of slavery in Saudi Arabia and Yemen.
Abolition of slavery in Oman.
Creation of the United Nation work group on contemporary forms of slavery in the framework of the Human Rights Commission.
Abolition of slavery in Mauritania.
Adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child by the United Nations.
Abolition of slavery in Pakistan.
Launch of the UNESCO program « The Slave Route ».
First European Union communication on human trafficking.
Coming into force of the International Labor Organization’s Convention 182 on the
« banning of the worst forms of child labor ».
LThe Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union banned slavery, forced labor and human trafficking.
French Law voted on May 21, 2001 recognizing the slave trade and slavery as crimes against humanity. The global UN Conference against racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and associated forms of intolerance (Durban, South Africa) recognized « slavery and the transatlantic slave trade as a crime against humanity ».
Adoption by the French Parliament of a law against human trafficking.
International year to commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (United Nations).
December 2, International Day for the Abolition of Slavery.
Declaration by the Secretary General of the United Nations, Ban Ki-Moon : « The slave trade was abolished formally 200 years ago, but this flagrant human rights violation persists, fueled by a continuing lack of respect for the dignity of human beings, a denial of their humanity and desperate poverty ».
The United Nations and the International Labor Organization estimate that contemporary slavery and forced labor involve 200 to 250 million people, of whom a large number are children. Given the lack of precise statistics due to the unlawful character of these crimes, it can be assumed that the phenomenon is actually more widespread.